The Centre has developed its Field and Laboratory facilities near Khajuraho (Madhya Pradesh) in Central India. Khajuraho (24°49′ N, 79°55′ E; 222 m above altitude) lies about 170 km from Jhansi in District Chhatarpur. It is a well known tourist destination, famous for the 10th and 11th century temples, now a UNESCO World Heritage.
The area lies in the uplands of Bundelkhand. Geologically, most of the area is predominantly granite. Climate is tropical semi-arid with maximum summer temperature approaching 50ºC and an average annual rainfall of 900 mm. The vegetation is typically tropical dry deciduous forest dominated by teak (Tectona grandis), mahua (Madhuca indica) and tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon). Eastwards, teak is quickly replaced by sal (Shorea robusta) forests.
River Ken, along with its many tributaries drains the area. The 427-km long River Ken originates in the Kaimur hills (near village Ahirgawan, Jabalpur district), passes through the Panna Tiger Reserve (40 km from Khajuraho), forms magnificient falls at Gehrighat and the Raneh Falls (14 km from Khajuraho) before flowing northeast to meet River Yamuna at Chilla (near Fatehnpur, Uttar Pradesh). The river hosts the Ken Ghariyal sanctuary. The river has attracted international attention because of the proposed Ken-Betwa River Link. There are many large and small reservoirs (such as Rangwan, Gangau, Belatal and Benisagar) within 50 km radius of Khajuraho. The area is relatively thinly populated and not significantly urbanised. There is no sewerage or sewage treatment facility. In the absence of any point source of pollution as well as the intensive agriculture, water pollution is not yet a matter of concern. There is no major industry in the area and the megathermal power plant planned by the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) has recently been abandoned. A cheese processing plant, said to be the biggest in Asia, is also planned near Khajuraho. However, the area has remained almost wholly unexplored from ecological and environmental viewpoint.
How to reach there
Khajuraho is accessible by road, air and train. It is only 10 km from Bameetha on NH 75 from Jhansi to Satna. Khajuraho is connected by air with Delhi and Varanasi. There are direct trains connecting Khajuraho with Delhi, Bhopal, Allahabad (Prayagraj), Varanasi, Jhansi, Gwalior, Agra, Jaipur, Ajmer and Udaipur.